The Prime Minister of United Kingdom, therefore, at once announced that a team of three Cabinet Ministers would be sent to India to promote in conjunction with the leaders of Indian opinion, the early realization of a full self-government in India’. The Cabinet Mission arrived in March, 1946 when there were hectic political activities in the Capital and the Provincial Head Quarters all over the country. The Federation was naturally to look after the national and international problems like the Defense and communication, the foreign affairs and the international trade while the provinces were to enjoy complete autonomy in Provincial subjects like police, agriculture, industries, educational and many other local problems. These proposals embodied in Cabinet Mission Plan were announced by Mr. (i) The British Government undertook to implement the Constitution, drawn by the Constituent Assembly, (ii) The Advisory Committee on the rights of citizens, minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas was to give due representation to the interests affected and report to the Constituent Assembly the list of Fundamental Rights, the clauses for the protection of Minorities and a scheme for the administration of the Tribal and Excluded Areas. It could with advantage mould its policy and adjust its tactics with least delay in the light of the personal assessment of the responsible ministers on the spot. To end this, the British government sent a special mission of cabinet ministers to India. The main points of the plan were:.
The Cabinet Mission to India was consisted of the Secretary of state Pethick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps, and the President of the Board of Trade and A. The Congress formed Ministry in all Provinces except Bengal and Sind. In the Punjab a coalition Ministry was formed by the Congress, the Akali Sikhs and Unionist Hindus and Muslims. The main provisions of the recommendation were:. These provisions however provided much autonomy to the Muslim Majority Provinces, to run their own affairs. However, it was only in March 1946 that with the arrival of three Cabinet Ministers, Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and Mr. The negotiations were conducted on behalf of the Congress by Abul Kalam Azad who was assisted by Nehru and Patel. The Cabinet Mission then offered a compromise plan in their statement of May 16,1946. Without the fullest cooperation between the major parties it was impossible to draft a new constitution, much less to work it. The Cabinet Mission Plan was announced on 16 May 1946. The Indian Navy and Indian Air Force would become much less effective. It would be very difficult to work a Central Executive and Legislature in which some Ministers, who dealt with Compulsory subjects, were responsible to the whole of India while other Ministers, who dealt with Optional subjects, would be responsible only to those Provinces which had elected to act together in respect of such subjects.
They were exploring the possibility of Pakistan and its viability both in peace and war. Atlee, the new Prime Minister of England, was a shrewd statesman. The following were the plans and proposals of the Cabinet Mission:. Many Hindus in large number of villages of Noakhil district of East Bengal were tortured and killled by the Muslims. (1) Preparatory discussions with the elected representatives of -the departure of the Mission, the Prime Minister made a further statement of policy in which two points were especially important.
Provisions Of The Cabinet Mission Plan During Quit India Movement
The three Cabinet ministers would be Pethick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. Secondly, the Congress was still much stronger than the Muslim League as a party. The Congress, the smaller minorities and the British Government including the comparatively fair-minded Wavell with whom the final decision lay, were all strongly opposed to the partition of British India. The Congress were very much troubled by the type of parity that still remained between Muslims and Hindus, other than scheduled castes, and also by the inclusion of Sir. The present Government had, therefore, a right to our agreement and support in sending out the Mission of Cabinet Ministers, who have just returned after arduous experiences. Cabinet Mission and the Viceroy were glad that constitution making can. There was a full exchange of views and both parties were prepared to make considerable concessions in order to try to reach a settlement, but it ultimately proved impossible to close the remainder of the gap between the parties and so no agreement could be concluded. The Indian Navy and Indian Air Force would become much less effective. After the Second World War, Lord Atlee became the Prime Minister of England. On 15 March, 1946 Lord Atlee made a historic announcement in which the right to self-determination and the framing of a Constitution for India were conceded. The Cabinet Mission also proposed the formation of a Union of India, comprising both the British India and the Princely States. The Cabinet Mission was formulated by the initiative of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom – Clement Attlee and the participated by:. Talks in the mission were held with All India Muslim League and Indian National Congress representatives. However, after much debate and strong reservations the Congress finally approved the May 16 plan.
Jinnah And Cabinet Mission Plan
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has appointed three rookie B.C. MPs to his new cabinet, all from the Lower Mainland. Vancouver South MP Harjit Sajjan, a former Lieutenant-Colonel in the Canadian Forces who served three tours in Afghanistan, is the new Minister of Defence. The Cabinet Mission, after its failure to convince the Indian political parties to arrive at an agreed constitution for India, put forth a plan which is called the Cabinet Mission Plan. Central Provinces, Orissa and Bihar were placed in Group A. Every Province or a combined Group of Provinces (sub-unions) was given the right to opt out (secede) from its group union or from the proposed All Indian union. Many think that the Partition of India in August 1947 could have been averted! Do you think so? OVER the last 10 years that led to the Partition, there was lot of poor communication, possibly dishonesty and lots of misunderstanding. People were adopting positions, fencing for the future power structure in India and in doing so opportunities were constantly being lost. Once the Cabinet Mission proposals had been discarded and the Muslims rejected them, there was no more opportunity. Besides he made some extraordinary proposals like Jinnah should become the Prime Minister of India! Provocative acts against non-Muslims by the Muslims were beginning to be frequent. The Cabinet Mission plan paid little heed to the claims and rights of the Sikh people. In Bengal, where a Muslim League Ministry was in the saddle, very much the same happened.
The Labour Party came to power in the 1945 and C.R. Attlee became the Prime Minister. The Cabinet Mission consisted of Lord Pathick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A.