When you are doing a window replacement job, you should be aware that there are Universal Building Codes that you need to abide by. The main one you need to understand is when it is required to use Tempered safety glass. Tempered Glass Requirements – Residential applications. In some cases this requirement is met using tempered glass, and in others it is met by laminating two lites of tempered glass together. Glass in vision panels in elevator hoistway doors shall be permitted to be any transparent glazing material not less than 1/4 inch (6.
Doors. Per the International Residential Code, all glass or panels in fixed, operable, swinging, sliding and bifold doors must be constructed from safety glass, regardless of size. Tempered glass is not required unless all four of these conditions are met. When I remodeled I had to use tempered glass on a kitchen window over a sink because the sliding door was within a certain distance so it required tempered glass. We have roving code officers and they are very strict, AC, water heaters, door replacement as well as window on existing homes require permits. Glazing adjacent to a door where the nearest exposed edge of the glazing is within a 24-inch arc of either vertical edge of the door in a closed position and where the bottom exposed edge of the glazing is less than 60-inches above the walking surface. NOTE: The minimum area requirement prevents you from using minimum height and minimum width on the same window.
For other than tempered glass, manufacturer’s designations are not required provided the building official approves the use of a certificate, affidavit or other evidence confirming compliance with this code. Individual glazed areas, including glass mirrors in hazardous locations such as those indicated as defined in Section R308.4, shall pass the test requirements of Section R308.3.1. GLAZING IN DOORS AND ENCLOSURES REGULATED BY ITEM 5 OF SECTION R308. All DOORS manufactured since 1974 have tempered glass. According to the International Building Code, which has been adopted by the state of Texas, any glass in a window that is within 2 feet of a door, and within 53 of the finished floor surface. The last primary state code requirement for tempering involves windows above stairs. Note: there is a difference between tempered glass and safety glass. Glass doors, glass in doors and glass panels within 18 inches of a walking surface had to comply with the impact-rated glass if subjected to accidental human impact.
Residential Building Codes For Safety Glass
What is the distance floor to sill when it’s required to have tempered glass? One item in that list missing and it is not considered as hazardous and does not require safety glass. That being said, if it is within 24 of an exterior door opening it must be tempered regardless of size or height. Around here, window replacement generally does require a permit, so any window replacement would have to be done to current codes. Glass doors, glass in doors and glass panels within 18 inches of a walking surface had to comply with the impact-rated glass if subjected to accidental human impact. Tempered glass is a type of safety glass that is 4-5 times stronger than regular glass. Tempered glass1 must be permanently marked (e.g. acid or laser etched, sandblasted, ceramic fired, or embossed), except that tempered spandrel2 glass, which may be provided with removable paper labels. Figure 4 – Exception to requirement for safety glass when partition is between door and adjacent glass. I first became aware of the requirement for tempered glass in the home in 1975 when Indiana adopted the building codes. Hazardous locations include entry and exit doors, sidelights within 24 inches of the door, storm doors, sliding doors, unframed swinging doors, French doors, tub and shower doors, glass enclosures for a pool, whirlpools, saunas, hot tubs, mirrored glass in a swinging or bi-fold closet door and windows next to a stair or landing. The 2010 ADA and ICC A117.1 contain requirements pertaining to the actuators for automatic doors in addition to what is included in the referenced standard. Tempered glass doors without stiles are not required to have a 254-mm (10-in.
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) does require shatter-proof glass. Sidelites and transoms around the door in a 1-hour exit corridor require a 45-minute fire rating with hose stream. Products include 45-minute fire resistive intumescent tempered units, safety wired glass, traditional wired glass, plain ceramics, filmed ceramics and laminated ceramics. When broken, tempered glass shatters into small oval pebbles without sharp edges. A requirement that each pane of glazing (including shower doors) must contain a manufacturer’s designation specifying who applied the designation, designating the type of glass and the safety glazing standard with which it complies.